As the first fleet arrived at botany bay in january 1788, little did they know that historians in years to come would be disputing the real reasons for the british government’s plans to establish a colony there. To botany bay, if policy warrants the measure : a reappraisal of the reasons for the decision by the british government in 1786 to establish a settlement at botany bay in new south wales on the eastern coast of new holland. Determine why the british government in 1786 decided to establish a penal colony at botany bay on the east coast of the newly discovered new south wales that was situated many thousands of kilometres from english ports and outposts. New south wales was originally settled by about one thousand people, most of them convicted criminals, a but they gradually died out due to famine and disease b but they were soon displaced by british ranchers, who needed the land for their sheep.
The british colony of new south wales, established in 1788, consisted until the 1850's, of all the east coast settlements the immediate reason for its establishment was as a penal colony and the emerging european and american concepts of democracy and liberalism at first had no place in such a society. Prior to the arrival of captain james cook in 1770, new south wales was inhabited by indigenous australians for at least 40,000 years the first fleet, comprising 11 ships and around 1,350 people, was dispatched to the unknown continent – the only information about new south wales was that from cook’s voyage of 1770. Topic 2 british government establish a colony in new south wales 1788 jacquelyn keville australian history julia miller april 3, 2014 this preview has intentionally blurred sections sign up to view the full version.
Other sites in africa, canada and the west indies were considered for the establishment of a penal colony, (clark, 1962, p61), however, the likelihood of having to purchase land at these locations probably swung the decision in favour of new south wales (renwick 1991, p24. Australia became a nation on 1 january 1901 when six british colonies—new south wales, victoria, queensland, south australia, western australia and tasmania—united to form the commonwealth of australia reasons for federation the colonies were almost like six separate countries for example, each had its own government and laws. Lachlan macquarie: lachlan macquarie, early governor of new south wales, australia (1810–21), who expanded opportunities for emancipists (freed convicts) and established a balance of power with the exclusionists (large landowners and sheep farmers) macquarie joined the british army as a boy and served in north. The colony of new south wales was a colony of the british empire from 1788 to 1 january 1901, when it became a state of the commonwealth of australia at its greatest extent, the colony of new south wales included the present-day australian states of new south wales , queensland , victoria , tasmania , and south australia , as well as new zealand. On january 26, 1788, captain arthur phillip guides a fleet of 11 british ships carrying convicts to the colony of new south wales, effectively founding australia.
Queensland’s early days were spent as part of the british-administered colony of new south wales which, at that time, occupied a large part of the australian continent brisbane was established in 1825 as a penal settlement for the more intractable convicts. On january 26, 1788 the british arrived at what is now known as sydney, new south wales, with the intention of taking possession of the land in the name of the british government and the king, and of staying. Queensland was originally part of the british-administered colony of new south wales this occupied a large part of the australian continent a desire to separate from new south wales began to emerge as queensland's economic significance increased and its productivity and population expanded. As british intervention became more likely in the late 1830s, new south wales capitalists ‘bought’ large areas in the hope of converting them to secure titles later in a class of its own was the controversial claim of the new zealand company to some 20 million acres (81 million ha) in central new zealand, 30% of the country. The south australian house of assembly (the colony’s lower house) was established in 1856 with a franchise of all male british subjects 21 years and over, regardless of property new south wales, victoria, and queensland quickly followed suit for their lower houses, while western australia and tasmania did so late in the nineteenth century.
The streets were straightened and improved, new barracks were built for his regiment, and the new south wales corps was sent back to england in november he began a tour of the colony and in little more than a month was able to form some opinion of its capabilities. Consequently, the colony of new south wales was established as a convict settlement by an order in council dated 6 december 1785, before which sir joseph banks testified in 1779 before a parliamentary select committee on the salubrious advantages of botany bay for a convict settlement[40. The three courts established earlier were replaced by a new supreme court of new south wales with the third charter of justice, the judiciary became more independent of the government there is evidence to suggest that in the first half-century of the colony, the common law was more readily accepted than the statute law, even though the local. The federation of australia was the development by which the six separate british self-governing colonies of new south wales, western australia, south australia, victoria, tasmania and queensland united together and formed one nation. Section 24, in effect, reaffirmed that new south wales was a settled colony, but provided a later date of reception for reasons of convenience british law, both common law and statute law, as at this date was thus declared to be the law of the two eastern colonies new south wales and van diemen’s land — but only so far as it ‘could then.
The sydney cove medallion sydney was the site of the first british colony in australia it was established in 1788 by governor arthur phillip, who had been instructed by the british government to establish a penal colony at botany bay. In 1822, a penal colony was established at macquarie harbour on the west coast of the island to house repeat offenders from new south wales' and its reputation for cruelty and barbarism spread throughout the empire. To begin with, sending convicts to new south wales would solve the problem of britain's overcrowded prisons (a consequence of the industrial revolution) by establishing a new penal colony in a. The british settlement in 1788, as well as being a penal colony, was the culmination of a race to establish a strategic base for political and economic control of the south pacific region.
New south˜ wales sydney 1788 handout 2 six colonies government decided that it should establish a colony on the western coastline in 1829 the swan river colony was established this colony was the first free colony to the british government declared it a colony in 1836 and a military governor was installed the land was sold and only rich.