Proﬁle and determinants of treatment failure among smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis patients in ebonyi, southeastern nigeria isaac alobu a, daniel c oshi b, sarah n oshi b, kingsley n ukwaja c, a national tuberculosis and leprosy control programme, ministry of health, abakaliki, ebonyi state, nigeria b centre for development and reproductive health, enugu, nigeria. Among the patients with drug-sensitive tb, treatment outcomes of a prior anti-tb regimen included default (10 patients, 455%) followed by cure or completed treatment (8 patients, 364%), referral to other hospitals for treatment (4 patients, 182%) there were no treatment failures. Objective: the aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and associated factors of tuberculosis treatment failure, death and default among hazardous or harmful alcohol users method : we conducted a prospective study with tb patients in 40 public health clinics in three districts in south africa. Non-adherence to anti tuberculosis treatment is one of the crucial challenges in improving tuberculosis cure-rates and reducing further healthcare costs the poor adherence to anti-tuberculosis treatment among patients with tuberculosis is a major problem in ethiopia hence, this study assessed. High treatment success rate among multidrug-resistant tuberculosis patients in myanmar, 2012–2014: a retrospective cohort study nearly 90% of the patients were diagnosed among re-treatment tb patients about 75% of mdr-tb patients were assessed for hiv status, 14% of whom were hiv positive while treatment failure rates and loss to.
Factors associated with outcomes of treatment among pulmonary tuberculosis patients in plateau state, nigeria, 2011 173 emerging of the tb control programme 2. Introduction: in burkina faso, the tuberculosis (tb) treatment failure rate increased from 25% in 2000 to 83% in 2006the risk factors for tb treatment failure in the country are not well known the study aims to determine the risk factors for treatment failure among pulmonary tuberculosis patients in four health region of burkina faso and to recommend appropriate interventions. Background tuberculosis treatment failure and death rates are low in the western pacific region, including vietnam however, failure or death may also occur among patients who did not complete treatment, ie reported as default or transfer-out.
Iron status predicts treatment failure and mortality in tuberculosis patients: a prospective cohort study from dar es salaam, tanzania trial conducted among adult tb patients in dar es salaam, association of baseline iron status with treatment failure at one month after initiation. In conclusion, there is considerable treatment failure rate (484%) among our smear positive tb patients and this poses a great danger to healthcare personnel and close contacts in the community key words: pulmonary tuberculosis, prevalence, treatment failure. The mortality rate among all the patients with tb was 115%, while default rate was 308% good treatment outcome was seen in 462% of cases while poor treatment outcome was seen in 462% of cases and 77% were transferred out.
Early identification of tuberculosis (tb) treatment failure using cost effective means is urgently needed in developing nations the study set out to describe affordable predictors of tb treatment failure in an african setting to determine the predictors of treatment failure among patients with. For the estimation of the smoking rates among patients with tb, the numerator was the number of patients who fulfilled the definition of self-reported smoking as above (ex- or current smoker), and the denominator was the total number of patients in the cohort whose self-reported smoking status was recorded during tb diagnosis. Mott, mycobacteria other than mycobacterium tuberculosis tb, tuberculosis a inconclusive tb, smear and culture results unavailable or tuberculosis was diagnosed by physician but there was no documentation of tb treatment for at least 6 months b data required for classification as a diabetic included self-reported diabetes or blood glucose information. Successful treatment of tuberculosis (tb) involves taking anti-tuberculosis drugs for at least six months poor adherence to treatment means patients remain infectious for longer, are more likely to relapse or succumb to tuberculosis and could result in treatment failure as well as foster emergence.
The overall case-fatality rate (cfr), default and failure rates were 4%, 5% and 2% respectively among new smear-positive cases registered for treatment in 2008 in maldives, the treatment success among nsp cases was lower than the target due to 11% of defaulters and 7% of non-evaluated. Drug resistant tuberculosis (tb) is increasing in prevalence worldwide treatment failure and relapse is known to be high for patients with isoniazid resistant tb treated with standard first line regimens however, risk factors for unfavourable outcomes and the optimal treatment regimen for. Treatment failure was not reported among the study participants during the review period the mortality rate among the participants was 128%, treatment outcome of tuberculosis patients at national hospital abuja nigeria: a five year retrospective study.
The treatment failure rate in this study was 25% this agrees with the findings in egypt where the treatment failure ranged between 09% and 51% but was lower than a failure rate of 5% and 226% found in tertiary hospital settings in southwestern and northwestern nigeria respectively , ,. Treatment failure, default and death rate of the study subjects need attention in order to attain the target treatment success rate the present study revealed that female patients had higher treatment success rate than males (p0001. Cure rate of whole cohort was 9029%, while defaulter rate, death rate, treatment failure and transferred out cases were 231%, 410 %, 149% and 179% respectively unsuccessful outcome was significantly associated with age ≥65 years and those who lost weight during treatment.